Disease can survive for long periods in and around farm buildings, particularly in nooks, crannies, cracks and puddles.  It may then be transferred around the farm by animals, people, vehicles and equipment.


Building design

  • Flat, hard surfaces in the areas around buildings reduce the spread of mud and organic material on boots and vehicles.
  • Solid, well maintained surfaces allow easier and more effective cleaning and disinfection.
  • Buildings should have good drainage.
  • Good lighting allows effective inspection of stock and cleaning.
  • Adequate ventilation promotes animal welfare and drying out of buildings after cleaning and disinfection.


Day-to-day management of buildings

  • Keep buildings, passageways, penning and access areas tidy.
  • Clean and disinfect regularly to avoid build-up of dirt and discourage rodents and other pests.
  • Where possible, depopulate and rest buildings between groups or batches of animals.
  • Make use of farm risk zoning where possible, which may involve dividing or adapting buildings.
  • Mark or signpost high risk animal areas and feed stores to avoid accidental access by visitors, for example:
    • sick pens, or isolation facilities
    • animal birthing accommodation